|There are two basic bread boarding methods that I have used over the last 30+ years. One method uses lots of IC sockets
that are designed for pin to pin wire-wrapping methods and uses minimal hand soldering. The other method uses pins pushed into a perforated board and requires that every lead of a component be
hand soldered to a pin. I suggest that you use wire wrapping methods only when they are justified. Wire wrapping should be considered when the design calls for a large number of logic ICs that
can easily be mounted on a perforated board with plenty of room between ICs. Wire wrapping methods should not be used for high frequency, medium power, low level signals or designs that call for
a large number of discrete parts.
If the basic circuit design is not clear, I suggest that you first test and refine the circuit using a solderless breadboard system. Such systems allow
components to be quickly changed and additions made. A circuit can usually be assembled and tested on a solderless breadboard system in about one tenth the time it would take to hand solder the
same circuit. Using the solderless breadboard, you can make sure the circuit functions properly before you solder the parts together on a breadboard.
In either method, I recommended that the circuit be elevated off the table to prevent components and pins on the bottom of the board from touch a metal table
top. If you use a wire wrap technique, you will need at least 3/4 inch space under the board. Hand soldered board may be able to safely use 3/8 or ½ inch spacing. 1/4 inch diameter metal
standoffs of appropriate length mounted in each corner of the board is a great way to keep the circuit bottom off of the table.
In hand soldered boards, some care will need to be taken to insure a successful outcome. When there is sufficient board space, layout the resistors and diodes in
a horizontal manner. Try to position the circuit components in a neat right angle configuration. Don't put components at funny angles unless you absolutely must. Use easy to solder Vector solder
pins whenever possible to allow for component value changes without disturbing the underside wiring. Always use IC sockets.